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5.2.5 Looked After Reviews

RELEVANT GUIDANCE

DfE, The Children Act 1989 Guidance and Regulations – Volume 2: Care Planning, Placement and Case Review (2015)

RELATED CHAPTERS

Appointment and Role of Independent Reviewing Officers Procedure

Secure Accommodation (Criteria) Reviews Procedure

AMENDMENT

This chapter was updated in March 2017 to note The Law Society guidance ‘Attendance of solicitors at local authority Children Act Meetings’ and their Code of Conduct where the child or family who attend reviews are supported by a legal representative (see Section 7, Attendance at the Review Meeting).


Contents

  1. Purpose of LAC/Case Reviews
  2. Preparation for the Review Meeting
  3. Arrangements to Keep the Care Plan Under Review and the Role of the Social Worker
  4. Timing and Frequency of Reviews
  5. Written Policy on Reviews
  6. Links with Other Reviews
  7. Attendance at the Review Meeting
  8. Matters for Consideration at the Review Meeting
  9. Updating and Amending the Care Plan
  10. The Role of the Looked After Review in Achieving Permanence for the Child
  11. Record of the Review
  12. Monitoring of Review Decisions
  13. Duties of the IRO in the Review Process
  14. Adjournments
  15. Disputes and Review Decisions

    Appendix 1: Reference for ‘Care Planning, Placement and Case Review (England) Regulations 2010

    Appendix 2 - Business Process of LAC Review


1. Purpose of LAC/Case Reviews

The purpose of the Looked After Review is to:

  • Ensure that appropriate plans are in place to safeguard and promote the overall welfare of the Looked After child in the most effective way and achieve permanence for him or her within a timescale that meets his or her needs;
  • To monitor the progress of the plans and ensure they are being progressed effectively;
  • To make decisions, as necessary, for amendments to those plans to reflect any change in knowledge and/or circumstances;
  • To ensure the needs of children looked after as a result of a secure remand are met;
  • To ensure that an Eligible Young Person moving into semi-independent accommodation is ready and prepared to move.

It is important that decisions taken at Looked After Reviews are implemented and responsibility for actions clearly defined.

Case Review

The statutory review is the legal requirement to confirm, monitor or amend the current arrangements and Care Plans for the child’s/ young person’s care and will be chaired by an Independent Reviewing Officer (IRO). The Statutory Review considers the degree to which the current Care Plan is delivering the outcomes specified and whether the child or young person’s needs are being met. Reviewing a child in care is a continuous process and is the ongoing responsibility of the Social Worker and Practice Manager.

The IRO must ensure that the people implementing decisions are identified and where decisions are not implemented as a result of the review it is brought to the attention of the relevant Senior Manager.


2. Preparation for the Review Meeting

The Social Worker in discussion with their Practice Manager should identify who should be invited to the Review Meeting. The Social Worker should then discuss with the IRO the proposed invitees, the progress of the case since the last review and the content of any written reports that will be available at the Review Meeting.

The Social Worker will need to be in a position to report on the progress made in implementing the plan and achieving the specified outcomes for the child, any changes required to the provision of services and any change required to the child’s legal status.

It is essential that there is full consultation with all the relevant individuals before the Review Meeting about the plan and the progress made since the last review. Where it is considered that written views or reports will be adequate, these should be sought and obtained in time to be considered as part of the Review Meeting. All relevant written information should be provided to the IRO in advance and circulated to others who will be attending at the meeting.

Statutory Review arrangements including venue and invitations must be confirmed by the Social Worker and an agenda discussion arranged with the IRO. District Team Support Officers will send out invitation letters. LAC consultation papers will also be sent or given out to:

  • Child or young person;
  • Parent(s)/ person with Parental Responsibility;
  • Foster Carer, Residential Support Worker or Independent Visitor.

They should be sent out in time to be returned to the Social Worker at least 14 days before the Statutory Review for inclusion within the review of arrangements.

The Social Worker will ensure that any other relevant consultations will take place. The consultation process is very important and careful consideration must be made as to how to encourage and if necessary help key participants to complete the formal consultation papers. Particular attention must be given as to the wishes and feelings of the child/ young person and their family and how these are best put before a formal meeting.

The ICS Review Report will be shown to the child/ young person and the parent(s) or those with Parental Responsibility prior to the Statutory Review. Any information or explanation as to the Statutory Review or the information contained in the ICS Review Report will be made available to the relevant party by the IRO or Social Worker.

The District Team Social Workers should ensure invitation letters are sent out to other participants inviting them to attend 15 minutes prior to the start of the Statutory Review in order to allow time for them to read the reports.

The ICS report template includes a Record of Review discussion at the end for completion by the Independent Reviewing Officer at or after the review.

A full copy of the ICS Review Report will be sent by the Team Support Officer to all those who were invited to/ or attended the Statutory Review within 28 days of the meeting. It will also contain the Review Meeting Minutes and recommendations from the Independent Reviewing Officer.

Recommendations from the Review Meeting are sent by the IRO to the Practice Manager/ Team Manager within 10 working days of the meeting.


3. Arrangements to Keep the Care Plan Under Review  and the Role of the Social Worker

Role of the Social Worker

It is the Social Worker’s responsibility to keep the child’s Care Plan under review. No significant changes can be made to the Care Plan unless the proposed changes have first been considered at a review of the child’s case. Where there is a need for significant changes to the Care Plan, then the date of the reviews should be brought forward.

If a significant change is to be made to the child’s Care Plan then the Social Worker must revise the Care Plan or prepare a new plan accordingly and give a copy to:

  • Child;
  • Parent;
  • Independent Reviewing Officer;
  • Foster Carer;
  • Person registered at a children’s home;
  • Person who will be responsible for the child’s accommodation.

The Social Worker may decide not to give a copy of the Care Plan or full copy of the Care Plan to the parent if it would put the child at risk of Significant Harm.

The child's Social Worker must discuss the purpose of the review with the child, parents and carers and consult the child about invitations at least 20 working days before the Review Meeting.

Where the child wishes to chair his or her own review, the Social Worker should inform the IRO.

In all cases, the child and parent(s) should be encouraged and supported by the Social Worker to prepare for the review, in writing or other ways if they wish, for example by seeing the IRO separately. The Social Worker should agree with the IRO how this will be achieved. This requires early consultation between the Social Worker and the IRO, and should be part of a thorough preparation of all the key issues for the review.

Where the child has been or is the subject of Court proceedings, the Social Worker should ensure the IRO has clear information of the child's legal status and the Court timetable.

Prior to the review, the Social Worker must ensure the child's records and plans are up to date, for example, that they include records of the statutory visits and the last date when the child's sleeping accommodation was seen. Any changes in household membership need to be clearly recorded.

The Social Worker must send the IRO the following documents 3 working days before an Initial Review and 5 working days before a subsequent review:

  • Review of Arrangement Report;
  • Care Plan or Pathway Plan

Copies of these documents should be brought to the review by the Social Worker for all review participants.

In addition, the child's Social Worker should bring to the review the following documents for the IRO:

  • All completed consultation documents (the Social Worker is responsible for sending these to the child, carers and family members as appropriate);
  • Health Care Plan;
  • Personal Education Plan;
  • Any other relevant reports by professionals.

The IRO will then summarise these documents during the review and provide information about the discussion with the Social Worker as appropriate.

After the review, the Social Worker is responsible for updating the Care Plan within 10 working days, in relation to any changes to the Care Plan agreed at the review.

The Social Worker should also update the Permanence Plan, Health Care Plan and Personal Education Plan as required, and arrange for a Pathway Plan to be completed/updated; if relevant.

The Social Worker should also ensure that the child's Placement Plan (recorded on the Placement Information Record) is updated along with any other plans or strategies (e.g. behaviour management strategy).

Where the child and/or the parents are unable to attend the review, the Social Worker must ensure that they are informed of the outcome in writing.


4. Timing and Frequency of Reviews

A review should take place as often as the circumstances of the individual case require. The frequency of reviews specified below is the minimum standard:

The first review of the child’s case must take place within 20 working days of the child becoming Looked After.

The second review must be carried out no more than 90 days (three months) after the first and subsequent reviews must be carried out at intervals of no more than 182 days (six months).

The Social Worker must inform the IRO before the specified times in order to convene a review if there are any significant changes/ events in the child’s life such as:

  • A proposed change of Care Plan for example arising at short notice in the course of proceedings following directions from the Court;
  • Where agreed decisions from the review are not carried out within the specified timescale;
  • Major change to the contact arrangements;
  • Changes of allocated Social Worker.

A review must take place before the specified times if any of the following occur:

  • Complaints from or on behalf of the child, parent or carer;
  • Unexpected changes in the child’s placement provision which may significantly impact on placement stability or safeguarding arrangements;
  • Significant changes in birth family circumstances for example births, marriages or deaths which may have a particular impact on the child;
  • If the child is charged with any offence leading to referral to youth offending services, pending criminal proceedings and any convictions or sentences as a result of such proceedings;
  • If the child is excluded from school;
  • If the child has run away or is missing from an approved placement;
  • Significant health, medical events, diagnoses, illnesses, hospitalisations, or serious accidents; and panel decisions in relation to permanency;
  • Where the child is, or has been, persistently absent from the placement;
  • Where the placement provider, parents or area authority are concerned that the child is at risk of harm;
  • Where the child so requests, unless the Independent Reviewing Officer considers that the review is not justified.

In relation to children placed with Prospective Adopters or where there is Authority to Place for Adoption, see the Adoption Reviews Procedure.


5. Written Policy on Reviews

See Looked After Children Review Policy

See also, Looked After Children Review Policy - Information for Children and Young People

A written Policy must be prepared and implemented regarding the manner in which cases are reviewed. A copy of this Policy must be provided to:

  • Child (subject to age and understanding);
  • Child’s parents or any person who is not the parent but has Parental Responsibility for the child;
  • Any other person whose views are considered to be relevant.


6. Links with Other Reviews

The review of the Care Plan may be carried out at the same time as other reviews. Where a Looked After child is subject to a Child Protection Plan, the timing of a Child Protection Review Conference should be the same as the review, to ensure that information in relation to the child’s safety is considered within the Review Meeting and informs the overall Care Planning process. Consideration must be given to ensuring that the multi-agency contribution to the review of the Child Protection Plan is addressed within the review of the Care Plan.

Where a Looked After Child remains the subject of a Child Protection Plan, there should be a single planning and reviewing process, led by the IRO, leading to the development of a single plan. Consideration should be given to the IRO chairing the Child Protection Conference where a looked after child remains subject to a Child Protection Plan. Where that is not possible, it will be expected that the IRO will attend the Child Protection Review Conference. The Looked After Review, when reviewing the child protection aspects of the plan, should consider whether the criteria continues to be met for the child to remain the subject of a Child Protection Plan.


7. Attendance at the Review Meeting

The review must be child-centred and a discussion should take place between the Social Worker and the child at least 20 days before the meeting to ascertain who the child would like to attend the meeting and where the meeting will be held. If the child declines the meeting they should not be pressurised to attend. The Social Worker should consider other means of ensuring their wishes and feelings are taken into account at the meeting. The possibility of a child being accompanied to a Review Meeting by an advocate should be considered.

It is expected that the parent and the child will be present at the review but in some circumstances the Social Worker and IRO may decide this will not be appropriate. If a parent or child is excluded from a review, a written explanation of the reasons should be given. Other arrangements should be made for their involvement in the review process and details of this should be placed on the child’s case record. The child’s carer should also be invited.

Children may strongly object to the attendance of a particular person, in which case careful consideration must be given as to their views.

Taking into account the above, the following people will always be invited:

  • Child/ young person plus a supporter, if they wish;
  • Parent(s) and persons with Parental Responsibility plus a supporter, if they wish;
  • Social Worker;
  • Carer(s);
  • Principal Manager/ Team Manager.

Others can be invited if they have a legitimate interest and what they have to contribute necessitates attendance. Consideration should always be given by the IRO/ Social Worker to whether their views can be presented as effectively in writing. People will not be invited solely for observation purposes.

Supporters

It may be necessary for the Social Worker to make arrangements for an interpreter to attend. Additional/complex needs, for example those arising from disability, should always be considered and appropriate assistance arranged where relevant.

Where the ‘supporter’ is a legal representative then the IRO should note The Law Society guidance ‘Attendance of Solicitors at Local Authority Children Act Meetings’ and related 'Code of Conduct (2011)'.

All solicitors attending these meetings should be aware of the local policies and procedures in respect of Children Act Meetings and of their role in terms of ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children’ (2015).

Any request by the child or parent(s) for their Legal Adviser to attend as their supporter should be notified to the IRO prior to the review and arrangements made where appropriate for the attendance at the review of a Local Authority Legal Adviser.


8. Matters for Consideration at the Review Meeting

The aim of the review is to assess how far the Care Plan is addressing the child’s needs and whether any change is required to achieve this. The focus of the first Review Meeting will be on examining and confirming the plan. Subsequent reviews will be occasions for monitoring progress against the plan and making decisions to amend the plan as necessary, to reflect new knowledge and changed circumstances. The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review (England) Regulations 2010 provide a checklist of the minimum requirements to be considered when reviewing a child’s case:

  • What is the effect of any change in the child’s circumstances since the last review;
  • Have any changes been made to the Care Plan;
  • Have the decisions taken at the last review been successfully implemented;
  • Is there a need for a change in the child’s legal status;
  • Is there a plan for permanence;
  • Is there a need to change the plans for contact;
  • Does the placement continue to be the most appropriate for the child;
  • Has there been any change to the child’s educational needs, development or progress;
  • What is the child’s leisure interests;
  • Having obtained a copy of the child’s most recent health assessment has there been any changes to the child’s arrangements for health care;
  • Are the child’s needs being met in relation to his/ her identity and are any particular changes with regard to the child’s religious persuasion, racial origin or cultural background;
  • Whether the advice, support and assistance provided for the child continues to be appropriate and understood by the child;
  • Do arrangements need to be made for the time when the child will no longer be Looked After by Wirral Council;
  • Has the child’s wishes and feelings and the views of the IRO about any aspect of the case and any changes been made since the last review or proposes to make to the child's Care Plan;
  • Have the frequency of statutory visits been adhered to by the Social Worker;
  • Whether the placement safeguards and promotes the child’s welfare, and whether any safeguarding concerns have been raised.

The Social Worker has a responsibility to inform the IRO if any of the agencies involved in the review fail to implement decisions made in the course of the review.


9. Updating and Amending the Care Plan

The Social Worker must give a copy of any revised, amended, Care Plan to the child, parent and IRO. A copy of the plan should also be giving to the following, where appropriate:

  • Foster Carer;
  • Registered person of the children’s home;
  • The person responsible for the accommodation where the child is placed in accordance with other arrangements.


10. The Role of the Looked After Review in Achieving Permanence for the Child

The Independent Reviewing Officer (IRO) must check that the child's Care Plan includes a Permanence Plan with measurable milestones and a Contingency Plan should the preferred plans not materialise.

At the second Looked After Review, there is a requirement to focus on the Permanence Plan, to ensure it provides permanence for the child within a timescale which is realistic, achievable and meets the child's needs.

If it is considered that the chosen avenue to permanence is not viable, the IRO should ensure that the Social Worker arranges as a matter of urgency to consider the most appropriate permanent alternative.

At the third Looked After Review there will be a need for a Twin Track/Parallel Plan to be made where a Permanence Plan has not been achieved. For example where a plan for rehabilitation of the child has not been achieved, the Review should seek to establish whether the lack of progress is as a result of drift or whether there are valid child-centred reasons, properly recorded and endorsed by the Social Worker's manager. No further rehabilitation plan should be recommended unless there are exceptional reasons justifying such a plan or where further assessment is specifically directed by the Court. In this case, the Parallel Plan must include the active pursuit of an alternative placement for the child.

All subsequent Reviews should review the progress and validity of the Permanence Plan.


11. Record of the Review

The IRO is responsible for producing a comprehensive written record of each review which should be completed and placed on the child’s case record. The record should contain a list of those who attended. In circumstances where the child or parents do not attend, the reasons for this should be noted. The review record will be an important document for enabling the Social Worker to confirm how it has been agreed to update the Care Plan. A written record of the decisions and recommendations will be completed and circulated by the Independent Review Officer to all participants within 5 working days of the meeting. This should also be sent to the Designated Senior Manager who will consider the decisions made at the review.

The full written record of the review will be completed within 15 working days of the review. The Independent Review Unit will send a copy of the completed review record and the recommendations to the allocated Social Worker for distribution to all Review Attendees.

The decisions should have any identifying details removed as necessary, for example, exceptionally, the address of the placement.

Where parents do not attend the review/part of the meeting and contribute their views in some other manner, a discussion should take place between the Social Worker and the IRO as to whether it is in the child’s interest for the parents to receive a full record of the review, and, if not, what written information should be sent to them. Examples of where this should be a consideration are where there is a ‘no contact order’ or supervised contact only.


12. Monitoring of Review Decisions

The Independent Reviewing Officer (IRO) plays an important part in the quality assurance function of the Local Authority's service for looked after children, it will be important that they recognise and report on good practice by individuals or teams.

Where there is evidence of poor practice, the IRO should, wherever practicable, address these issues through the normal channels, contacting the Social Worker's manager and where necessary the Independent Review Unit Manager. The IRO records both good and poor practice on Quality Assurance Monitoring Forms after each Review. This data is used to inform future Audit and review of practice.


13. Duties of the IRO in the Review Process

The IRO must:

  • Wherever possible, older children should be encouraged to chair the meeting and in these circumstances the IRO will assist the child. In all other cases, the IRO will chair the review and attend any meetings held as part of the review; If the allocated IRO cannot attend the meeting and it is important that the review meeting is not delayed, the meeting will be chaired/attended by a substitute IRO;
  • Speak to the child in private in advance of the review about the matters to be considered in the review, unless the child refuses or the IRO considers it inappropriate (subject to the child’s age and understanding). They should be satisfied that disabled children's contributions are obtained and effectively presented in the review;
  • Ensure that the wishes and feelings of the child’s parents or any person who is not the child’s parent but has Parental Responsibility for the child have been ascertained and taken into account. Where participants' views are not followed, an explanation of the reasons why needs to be provided by the IRO and/or the Social Worker. Any differences of opinion should be recorded in the minutes;
  • Conduct the review to ensure that persons responsible for implementing any decision taken as a consequence of the review are identified;
  • Bring to the attention of the relevant Senior Manager any failure of Social Workers to take proper steps to implement decisions;
  • Monitor the appropriateness of the Care Plan (on an ongoing basis including whether any safeguarding issues arise), its implementation and to establish whether the milestones set out in the plan are being achieved in a timely way;
  • More than one meeting may be required to ensure the views of relevant people inform the review without the meeting becoming too large. For example it may be appropriate to hold a meeting involving the child prior to a meeting involving the parent to obtain information and ascertain the views of both where the child does not wish to attend a review with his or her parents present;
  • The IRO is responsible for ensuring that all relevant people, including the child and parents, understand the purpose of the review and have been given appropriate opportunities to contribute and express their views. The IRO should also ensure that relevant consultation has taken place with those professionals who are not in attendance at the meeting;
  • If the parent(s) or the child brings a supporter, the IRO will need to explain his or her role, ensuring that the supporter understands that he or she may clarify information but may not cross-examine any contributor;
  • The agenda for each review will be agreed at the beginning of the meeting and each participant will be invited to contribute their own items to the agenda and have the opportunity to contribute to the discussion;
  • The IRO will decide on what actions in principle are necessary to meet the child's reviewed needs and make recommendations as to how these should be achieved;
  • Where a review considers that Adoption or Long Term Fostering is the most appropriate way to meet the child's needs, the recommendation is then submitted to the Adoption Panel for consideration - see Placement for Adoption and Matching Procedure.

It will be necessary for the IRO to ensure decisions are clear and establish who is responsible for action and the timescales agreed for completion. The IRO should ensure that The Care Planning, Placement and Case Review (England) Regulations 2010 are followed. (See Section 8, Matters for Consideration at the Review Meeting).

After the review, the IRO will notify the Independent Review Unit of the way in which the child participated in the review, together with the outcome and the date for the next review.


14. Adjournments

If the IRO is not satisfied that sufficient information has been provided to enable proper consideration, they can adjourn the Review Meeting once, for not more than 20 working days. No proposal considered in the course of the review may be implemented until the review has been completed.

The IRO should consider the effects on the child of delaying the meeting, and seek the wishes and feelings of the child, carer and parents where appropriate.

No proposal under consideration at the adjourned review can be implemented until the review has been completed.


15. Disputes and Review Decisions

Disputes

Where there are disagreements or differences of opinion during the Review Meeting these should be resolved where possible informally. The IRO has the duty to inform the child of their right to make a complaint and have the support of an independent advocate.

If the IRO is of the view that the Local Authority:

  • Has failed to address the needs of the child set out in the revised plan; and/or
  • Has failed to review the case in accordance with the regulations; and/or
  • Has failed to implement effectively any decision made at a review; or
  • Is otherwise in breach of its duties to the child in any significant way.

they must inform the appropriate Senior Manager. The IRO also has the statutory power to refer the child’s case to CAFCASS if the dispute cannot be resolved internally.

Review Decisions

The Social Workers and Practice or Principal Team Managers should consider the decisions made at each Looked After Review within five working days of receiving them and to advise the IRO and all those who attended the review if they are unable to agree them.

If no response is received the decisions should be considered agreed by the Local Authority and should be implemented within the timescales set out in them.

If the Practice/ Principal Team Manager disagrees with any of the decisions within that initial five working day period, this should be notified in writing to the IRO and all those who attended the review.

In the first instance the IRO should attempt to resolve the issue informally. If this is not successful the IRO can consider activating the local dispute resolution process as shown below:

  • Informal resolution through a professionals meeting to include the Team Managers of both the Social Worker's team and the IRO;
  • If no resolution is reached at this stage a referral should be made by the Independent Review Unit to the relevant senior manager in the Local Authority;
  • If there is still no resolution, the matter should be brought to the attention of the Chief Executive.


Appendix 1: Reference for ‘Care Planning, Placement and Case Review (England) Regulations 2010

For additional information on LAC Reviews, Regulations and the roles of professionals involved, please see:

Volume 2: Care Planning, Placement and Case Review (England) Regulations 2010 and Statutory Guidance.


Appendix 2: Business Process of LAC Review

Task Guidance to 1st LAC Review

PRIOR to BLA
Social Worker   Undertakes assessment of child’s needs/ risk of harm (Single Assessment
Senior Manager Decides child is to become looked after.
Social Worker

Records SSM decision on ICS.

Arranges appropriate placement; undertakes or arranges necessary actions; and completes or acquires relevant documentation; including:

  1. Commencing the Care Plan;
  2. Initiating the PEP;
  3. Arranging the child’s health assessment.
DAY 1 of BLA
Social Worker
  1. Records the BLA date on ICS;
  2. Telephones safeguarding team support worker, with child details, and to confirm that the BLA date has been logged (placement address, carers and telephone number as a minimum).

(Note: review dates cannot be entered on ICS if the BLA date is not recorded)

Safeguarding Team Support Officer
  1. Works out 28 days from the date of BLA and logs this as the due date for the 1st review; and
  2. Allocates the case on ICS to the appropriate IRO from the LAC rota;
  3. Notifies the allocated IRO by email, with the child’s details, including BLA date and due date for 1st review (placement address, carers and telephone number as a minimum);
  4. Inputs involvement on ICS
IRO
  1. Notifies the child by post card that he/she is the child’s IRO. IRO records on ICS case notes;
  2. Contacts Social Worker to agree 1st review within 28 days of BLA date;
  3. Provides date of review to safeguarding team support officer who logs scheduled date of review on ICS.
WITHIN 1 WEEK of BLA
IRO and Social Worker
  1. Discuss information known to date about child’s circumstances;
  2. Consider progress being made in respect of:
    1. Medical assessment and health plan (In all cases report should be available, before 1st review: Reg 7.1);
    2. PEP (In all cases, should completed in time for 1st review: Page 24: Promoting Educational Achievement of looked after children, Statutory Guidance for LAs);
    3. Care Plan (should be completed within 10 working days of BLA: Reg. 4.1);
  3. Confirm arrangements for review:
    1. Process where review is to be conducted over more than a single meeting;
    2. Time, venue, invitations and attendance at formal Review Meeting.
IRO Makes contact with the child and carer to let the child know about the review process and to determine whether the child has specific wishes about venue and attendance.
WITHIN 2 WEEKS of BLA
Social Worker
  1. Distributes written consultation documents to:
    1. Child or child representative;
    2. Parents;
    3. Carers;
  2. Social Worker to ensure completed consultation form is Presented at 1st Review.
3 WORKING DAYS PRIOR TO 1st REVIEW
Social Worker Completes Review Report on ICS, along with copies of Care Plan, and provides copy of health plan and PEP to IRO. Notifies IRO via e-mail.
WITHIN 28 DAYS of BLA
IRO

Ensures that 1st looked after child review is completed and that:

1. Child’s wishes and feelings have been obtained and recorded, including note of the extent to which they informed the decision-making (recorded in ICS under IRO visit section of case notes).

2. Views expressed by parents and carers (in written consultation forms) have been taken into account.

 

Task Guidance from 1st to 2nd LAC review

END 1st REVIEW
IRO Ensures that date for 2nd review is arranged, within 85 days of completion of 1st review
WITHIN 2 WORKING DAYS OF END OF 1st REVIEW
IRO

Confirms to safeguarding team support officer by email:

  1. Date that review was completed;
  2. PN code;
  3. Scheduled date of next review.
Safeguarding Team Support Officer
  1. Checks that scheduled date of next review is less than 85 days from end of 1st review;
  2. Enters due date, scheduled date of 2nd review.
WITHIN 5 WORKING DAYS of END 1st REVIEW
IRO
  1. Produces written record of decisions and recommendations on ICS;
  2. Notifies designated manager by email that recommendations of review are on ICS and invites him/her to accept or to query.
WITHIN 5 WORKING DAYS of RECEIVING RECOMMENDATIONS
Designated Manager Confirms or queries recommendations with IRO. Where no response is received by the IRO, the recommendations will be considered to be agreed by the LA.
WITHIN 10 WORKING DAYS of END of 1st REVIEW
Social Worker Updates Care Plan on ICS in line with decisions and begins Permanence Plan.
WITHIN 15 WORKING DAYS of END of 1st REVIEW
IRO
  1. Produces full written Record of Review in ICS;
  2. Notifies Social Worker that record is now complete.
WITHIN 20 WORKING DAYS of END of 1st REVIEW
Social Worker Arranges for distribution of written record (appropriately anonymised where necessary)
PRIOR TO 2ND REVIEW
IRO
  1. Speaks with child about:
    1. Experience of being looked after since 1st review;
    2. Wishes in respect of arrangements for 2nd review;
  2. Records contact on ‘Case Notes’ within ICS;
  3. Accesses assessment information, e.g. Single Assessment, risk assessment, Court reports, specialist reports requested from Social Worker.
15 WORKING DAYS BEFORE SCHEDULED DATE for 2nd REVIEW
IRO and Social Worker
  1. Discuss child’s circumstances since 1st review;
  2. Consider progress being made in respect of:
    1. Health plan;
    2. PEP;
    3. Permanence Plan (should be completed by 2nd review);
  3. Confirm arrangements for review:
    1. Process where review is to be conducted over more than a single meeting;
    2. Time, venue, invitations and attendance at formal Review Meeting.
10 WORKING DAYS BFORE SCHEDULED DATE for 2nd REVIEW
Social Worker

Distributes written consultation documents to:

  1. Child or child representative;
  2. Parents;
  3. Carers.
3 WORKING DAYS PRIOR TO 3rd REVIEW
Social Worker Completes Review Report on ICS, along with copies of Permanence/Care Plan and provides copy of Health Plan and PEP directly to IRO.
WITHIN 85 DAYS of END of 1st REVIEW
IRO

Ensures that 2nd looked after child review is completed and that:

  1. Child’s wishes and feelings have been obtained and recorded, including note of the extent to which they informed the decision-making;
  2. Views expressed by parents and carers (in written consultation forms) have been taken into account.

Task Guidance to 3rd and subsequent LAC reviews

END 2nd or SUBSEQUENT REVIEW
IRO Ensures that date for 3rd review is arranged, within 177 days of completion of 2nd review or between subsequent reviews.
WITHIN 2 WORKING DAYS OF END OF 2nd or SUBSEQUENT REVIEW
IRO

Confirms to safeguarding team support officer by email:

  1. Date that review was completed;
  2. PN code;
  3. Scheduled date of next review.
Safeguarding Team Support Officer
  1. Checks that scheduled date of next review is less than 177 days from end of last review;
  2. Enters due date, scheduled date of planned review and PN Code on ICS.
WITHIN 5 WORKING DAYS of END 2nd or SUBSEQUENT REVIEW
IRO
  1. Produces written record of decisions and recommendations on ICS;
  2. Notifies Designated Manager by email that recommendations of review are on ICS and invites him/her to accept or to query.
WITHIN 5 WORKING DAYS of RECEIVING RECOMMENDATIONS
Designated Manager Confirms or queries recommendations with IRO. Where no response is received by the IRO, the recommendations will be considered to be agreed by the LA.
WITHIN 10 WORKING DAYS of END of 2nd or SUBSEQUENT REVIEW
Social Worker Updates Care Plan/Permanence Plan on ICS in line with decisions.
WITHIN 15 WORKING DAYS of END of of 2nd or SUBSEQUENT REVIEW
IRO
  1. Produces full written Record of Review in ICS;
  2. Notifies Social Worker that record is now complete.
WITHIN 20 WORKING DAYS of END of of 2nd or SUBSEQUENT REVIEW
Social Worker Arranges for distribution of written record (appropriately anonymised where necessary).
PRIOR TO 3RD REVIEW
IRO
  1. Speaks with child about:
    1. Experience of being looked after since 1st review;
    2. Wishes in respect of arrangements for 2nd review;
  2. Records contact on ‘Case Notes’ within ICS.
10 WORKING DAYS BFORE SCHEDULED DATE for 3rd or SUBSEQUENT REVIEW
Social Worker

Distributes written consultation documents to:

  1. Child or child representative;
  2. Parents;
  3. Carers.
15 WORKING DAYS BEFORE SCHEDULED DATE for 3rd or SUBSEQUENT REVIEW
IRO and Social Worker
  1. Discuss child’s circumstances since 1st review;
  2. Consider progress being made in respect of:
    1. Health plan;
    2. PEP;
    3. Care/Permanence Plan;
  3. Confirm arrangements for review:
    1. Process where review is to be conducted over more than a single meeting;
    2. Time, venue, invitations and attendance at formal Review Meeting.
3 WORKING DAYS PRIOR TO 2nd or SUBSEQUENT REVIEW
Social Worker Notifies IRO that Review Report, along with copies of permanence/Care Plan are on ICS, including health plan and PEP, and provides copies directly to IRO.
WITHIN 177 DAYS of END of 2nd REVIEW
IRO

Ensures that 3rd or subsequent looked after child review is completed and that:

  1. Child’s wishes and feelings have been obtained and recorded, including note of the extent to which they informed the decision-making;
  2. Views expressed by parents and carers (in written consultation forms) have been taken into account.

End